A Little Rags to Riches for Your Friday

Some of you may have followed the story of this little gun in the blog, but here it is in a nutshell.

A few years back I ran across a S&W I-frame .32 Hand Ejector in a pretty miserable state. Basically there was no finish left, some minor pitting, the timing was buggered, there was massive endplay in the cylinder and an enormous cylinder gap and, to top it all off, the bore looked horribly pitted. I got it very cheap.

…and this was it’s good side.

I detail-stripped the gun and cleaned a century of gunk out of the mechanism, which miraculously solved the timing problem. I wasn’t sure the bore was salvageable, but I cleaned it out with Hoppe’s #9 and some bronze wool. It took a while, but what eventually what had looked like a pitted, useless mess turned out to be a pretty decent bore.

I shimmed the cylinder to remove the endplay, then removed the barrel. I relieved the front of the frame slightly, allowing the barrel to set back to produce a decent cylinder-gap of .005″.

Lastly I sanded the frame to remove every trace of rust, some of the lighter pitting and the last traces of the original finish, then refinished it in Antique Gray (similar to French Gray.) Eventually I stripped it again and rust blued it. It’s been through a couple of different grips, but today I settled on these antique mother-of-pearl grips donated from another gun.


It’s a handsome gun and a great shooter, and a prized possession! Not bad for a gun well on it’s way to the junk-heap of history.

So why am I telling you about this? Because I didn’t know how to do any of this when I bought the gun. Some creative Googling, a few Youtube videos, common everyday tools and a few items (like the rust-blue solution) bought online and a few- OK, more than a few- evenings were all it took. The most ‘exotic’ tool used was a Harbor Freight bench vise. The important thing is this- if I can do it, so can you.

Michael Tinker Pearce, 26 july 2019


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It’s Time to Come Together.

Just a photo to get your attention. It has nothing to do with the post.

I hate politics, and I’ve tried to avoid them wherever possible in this blog. Hell, this post is about avoiding them. Sort of. Yet politics are very much central to this.

Democrats these days seem to be hewing to a strict gun control platform. Note- I said Democrats, not Liberals. The two main parties have been working to divide this country along partisan lines for decades, and each in their own way has used fear tactics to do this. The biggest difference is which fears they choose to focus on, but both are guilty. One of the things each has focussed on in their own way is the 2nd Amendment. They have done everything in their power to keep this issue from being settled one way or another, because they have made it part of their platform and need to keep the issue alive as way of dividing us. This is a fight that should have been resolved decades ago, and I think would have been but for totalitarian partisanship created and encouraged by the two major parties.

The idea that has been fostered is one of a ‘Culture War.’ Yes, Americans are an exceptionally diverse people, with many regional and ethnic cultures in the mix. But we only have one Constitution, and I have sworn to uphold it.

It’s very popular in mainstream gun culture to demonize Liberals and poke fun at them. But the fact of the matter is that by the latest estimates a minimum of 30% of gun owners in this country identify as ‘Liberal,’ and we can no longer afford to demonize almost 1/3 of the folks on our side. The NRA began pushing the notion of a ‘Culture war,’ and by all accounts they lost members. Probably an awful lot of those were Liberal gun owners.

Don’t mistake Democrats for Liberals either; they haven’t been the same thing for many years, and most liberals that I know consider the current Democrats to be ‘Center-Right’ rather than leftists. Leftists with any sense of history are very keen on private gun ownership, but we needn’t get into that.

The point is, now more than ever, America’s 2nd Amendment supporters need to discard totalitarian, party-line views about each other and come together. We all support the 2nd Amendment, and that’s more important than the things that divide us. There was a survey a few years back that was carefully worded to avoid political hot-buttons, and it determined that Conservative and Liberal Americans agreed on 80% of the issues. We have more common ground than not, and right now we can’t afford to worry about that other 20%. Win this fight and we can argue over the other stuff later. Right now we have bigger fish to fry.

The NRA is on the ropes- we needn’t get into why- and has not been particularly effective in recent years anyway. Other major groups don’t have the deep pockets and resources to fight every fight; they need to pick and choose their battles, and some fights that need to be fought slip through the cracks. If we come together we are more likely to be able to muster the resources we need.

Now more than ever we need to present a unified front. Liberal, Conservative, black, white, hispanic, gay, straight, trans, Christian, heathen- all secondary concerns.* The new standard needs to be ‘If you’re with us you’re welcome.’ Quit with the name calling, belittling and bullshit. Our commonality is greater than that which divides us. As a rather famous wit once said, ‘We must hang together, or surely we will hang separately!’

There is in fact an organization dedicated to this proposition, and I would encourage all of you to look into them, follow them on Twitter etc. You can find them at https://opensourcedefense.org

Michael Tinker Pearce, 24 July 2019

*The exception I would have to make to this would be race/religion based hate groups and the like; they poison the brand of gun owners. Besides, they are the worst.

38 S&W- Still Useful?

S&W .38 Double Action safety Hammerless, 4th Model. Chambered in the venerable .38 S&W cartridge, sometimes called ‘.38 S&W Short.’

This is a bit esoteric, butI thought some of you might be interested. .38 S&W is an obsolete cartridge; very little work is being done on it these days, and information is a little thin on the ground. Hopefully I can make a useful addition to that pool of knowledge.

.38 S&W is the oldest ‘.38’ caliber revolver cartridge that is still in mass production. Modern .38s use .356-.358″ diameter bullets. .38 S&W cartridges use a .360-.362″ diameter bullet. It is not interchangeable with .38 Special and cannot be loaded in revolvers chamber for this or .357 Magnum. The cartridge’s dimensions may be found on Wikipedia; for our purposes suffice it to say it is shorter, slightly larger in diameter and less powerful than .38 Special.

The original load for this cartridge was a 147gr. lead round-nose bullet over a charge of around 10gr. of black powder. This yielded about the power of a light modern .38 Special target load. Modern Remington loads retain the 147gr RNL bullet, but seem significantly weaker than the black powder loads. More on that later…

.38 S&W was a very popular cartridge in the 19th century, and it’s use persisted well into the 20th century. It was widely used and chambered in a number of revolvers by many different manufacturers. The gun shown is a Forehand & Wadsworth British Bulldog chambered in .38 S&W.

We’ll go over the long history of this cartridge another time; the story of ‘the other .38’ is interesting and involved. But on with our blog…

As some of you might be aware I often carry a .38 S&W. To be precise a S&W DA Safety Hammerless (4th model.) I customized this gun originally as a novelty and conversation piece- a sort of ‘Steampunk Snubby.’ I discovered that it has a lot of practical utility; slightly smaller than a J-frame, an excellent DA trigger and, with a custom ergonomic grip, quite easy to shoot accurately. In short this charming little gun seduced me… but ammunition was an issue.

Standard commercial loads (like Remington etc.) are hopelessly anemic. Not surprising as they were designed not to blow up even the cheapest, crappiest guns made in this caliber, and there were quite a few of those…

A .380 ACP FMC round has more than adequate penetration, so to establish a baseline I test fired one at a free-standing 1-3/4″ thick kiln-dried Douglas Fir board. The bullet completely penetrated the first board and embedded it’s full length in the second board. I tested the Remington .38 S&W load and they don’t make it all the way through. Not really acceptable for self-defense, but hey, at least they are expensive and hard-to-find…

*Warning- the load data that follows may not work out in old, inexpensive guns, particularly top-breaks. It should be fine in any quality solid-frame gun, Enfield or Webley top-breaks. Use these loads at your own risk!

It was obvious from the start that I was going to need to ‘roll my own’ if I wanted to shoot these old guns regularly, but .361″ bullets are pretty thin on the ground. Bore diameters can vary, so I slugged the barrel to determine what my gun would be happiest with. The answer was .361 caliber, so it was spot-on.

First thing first- In terms of self-defense loads, hollow-points in this gun are a non-starter. They will almost certainly not expand, and if they do they will probably not penetrate deeply enough. I would need to depend on a solid and hit location.

I started out with Hornady .357 148gr. hollow-base wadcutters seated to roughly 2/3 of their length in the cartridge, and after some research and trials arrived at a load of 2.7gr. of Unique. These worked well in the gun, proved very accurate and, importantly, had the penetration I needed. Once again firing at 1-3/4″ kiln-dried Douglas Fir, they made a cookie-cutter hole in the front of the board and splintered the back before embedding the full length of the bullet in the board behind. Very comparable to .380 ball.

Hornady 148gr. HBWCs loaded into .38 S&W
Impact on a 1-3/4″ thick kiln-dried Douglas Fir Board. You can see where the bullet sank itself into and identical board placed several inches behind the first (on left.)

A little more experimentation revealed that .357 158gr. ‘cowboy’ bullets- which are quite soft- had no trouble bumping up to bore diameter when loaded over 2.5gr. of Unique. They were accurate, offered good penetration and were significantly cheaper than the HBWCs.

Between these two loads I’ve put over 2000 rounds through this little gun, with no signs of loosening or excessive wear. But they don’t call me ‘Tinker’ for nothing…

I had bought some cheap 125gr. .357 bullets and tried them in a number of different .38 Special guns, with different loads and powders. The best they managed was key-holing one shot in five, and it was usually worse than that. Not sure what the problem is; they look fine. They just don’t work. I don’t cast my own bullets, so melting them down was not an option. I decided to try swaging them to .361 SWCs.

Long story short, it worked. I load them over a larger charge of Unique and at seven yards they hit point of aim, punch nice holes and don’t keyhole. I decided to try some Montana Gold 115gr. FMC. They also worked out well. I’m going to have to test the penetration on these, but I am liking the results so far.

SDwaged 125gr. SWCs on the left, 115gr. FMCSWCs on the right.

The swaging set- up was simple enough to make. I bored a hole in a small block of mild steel and reamed it to .361 to make the die. I took a piece of 3/8″ mild-steel rod, turned it down to .359, then hollowed out a cavity in one end with a drill-bit and a Dremel to make the punch. Set the die on the anvil, drop the bullet in, drive the punch down with a 2lb. hammer. Flip it over and drive the bullet out with a brass rod and Presto! A .361-caliber bullet. Pretty much anyone with a Dremel, dial-caliper and drill press could duplicate this.

It occurs to me that these lightweight bullets, loaded over a conservative powder charge, might be just the thing for shooting old top-break guns. The milder recoil from the lighter bullet will help avoid accelerated wear.

It appears that with the right load .38 S&W is still viable (though far from ideal) for self-defense, even in top-break revolvers.

Michael Tinker Pearce, 21 July 2019

Pocket-Carry

Customized S&W .32 Double Action

The first time I pocket-carried regularly was when I was a police officer. I had my service gun and back-up of course, both carried in proper holsters, but I also usually had a Davis D32 derringer in my right-front pants-pocket as an absolute last-ditch weapon. While I could not envision any likely circumstance when it would be needed, it was small, easy and comfortable to carry, so why not?

Fast-forward a couple of decades. I work in a workshop attached to my home. It’s pretty secure, so I never really felt the need to be armed in the shop until the backyard got rather overgrown and I started spotting rats occasionally. In response I took to dropping a .32 revolver in my back pocket when I went out to the shop. Shortly after that I made a pocket-holster for it, and I realized this was a very convenient, no fuss way of carrying. I made a pocket holster for a snub-nose .38, then one for my Detonics Combat Master .45. I usually favor a belt holster, but I was seduced (by my own laziness) into using pocket-carry most of the time, either in a pants pocket or, in colder weather, a jacket pocket.

A pocket-holster isn’t rocket-science. A folded piece of leather, a few rivets and there you go. I’ve been using this one for several years now.

Look, I’m no self-defense guru or gunfighting expert. I’m just a guy with some experience, and I want to share what I’ve learned. After a few years of daily pocket-carry I’ve come to a conclusion, and it is this: Pocket-carry kind of sucks.

Hold on, hear me out. I’m not saying it’s stupid, I’m not challenging your choices, but let’s face it, there are pros and cons to pocket-carry. The pros might save your life… but the cons can get you killed if you don’t take them into account when planning your self-defense strategy.

The Pros are:

*Easy- just stick the holster in your pocket.

*Low-profile- good for hot weather when an overgarment would be too conspicuous and/or too uncomfortable.

*Access- In a tense situation if the gun is in a jacket-pocket it’s possible to have your hand on the gun without ‘brandishing.’

*Some people would count the ability to fire through a coat-pocket to be among the ‘Pros,’ and I suppose it is. But I’ve seen people try it and miss a target three feet from the muzzle. Apparently it’s not easy- but should work well enough at contact distance.

*Better than not carrying a gun at all.

The Cons:

*Forget about a quick draw, especially if your hand is not already on the gun. Even if it is in a good pocket holster a belt holster would be significantly faster.

*Pants-pocket carry: if you are sitting in a vehicle the gun might as well be on Pluto- you won’t be drawing it in a hurry. Chairs are almost as bad, especially if the gun is in a front pocket. Far better to have it in a jacket-pocket, but it’s still going to be slow and you can’t always wear a jacket. Also in a tussle a gun in a jacket pocket will be difficult, perhaps impossible, to deploy, or even get your hand on to fire through the pocket.

The main issues of pocket carry pretty much all boil down to access- it’s going to be relatively slow. This is not necessarily a fatal flaw (and I do mean ‘fatal’) With good situational awareness you may be able to give yourself time to draw, either as the situation develops or when a suspect is distracted. Try to get behind cover or at least out of sight before drawing. Yes, this is always a good idea, but with pocket carry it can mean that you get to go home once the dust settles.

Practice your draw from the pocket. Don’t try to do it fast, just try to do it so that it works. Not just on your feet, either- when on the ground, when crouching or kneeling etc. Find the limitations and relative speed of doing this in these different positions, and how you need to shift to accommodate the draw. Figure out if it can be done stealthily, and in what positions and under what circumstances.

Detonics Mk.1 Combat Master .45

Choice of gun matters, of course, and this will vary depending on what you wear. Needless to say you should probably carry the largest gun that works with your outfit, but again this will vary with your physical size. I’m a big guy- the Detonics .45 in a proper holster vanishes easily into the front pocket of my cargo pants. You might be limited to something like the tiny Kel Tec P32. Doesn’t matter- something is better than nothing.

It also shouldn’t need to be said that you need to practice with whatever you are carrying. I know a lot of folks that use an NAA mini-revolver for pocket-carry. A surprising number of them don’t practice with theirs; they’ve shot it enough to make sure it works and that’s it. The rationale is that it’s meant for contact- distance, and aiming is irrelevant. News-flash: people sometimes miss at contact distance. Plus you do not get to dictate the terms of the engagement, and it’s fully possible you may need to engage at well beyond arms length.

NAA Micro-revolver- the most pocketable pocket gun.

It’s generally true that the smaller the gun the more you need to practice. This is not because small guns are inaccurate, it’s just that they tend to have small grips, tiny sights etc. that make it difficult to shoot them accurately.

Whichever carry method or methods you adopt it is vital to understand the limitations and issues, and to know what you can do from those positions under a variety of circumstances. Not to be melodramatic, but your life may depend on it.

Michael Tinker Pearce, 8 July 2019